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Apr 25 2020

Methana volcano




Methana volcano-Methana volcano
Methana volcano Greece Mediterranean and Western Asia Lava dome(s) 258 BCE Country Volcanic Region Primary Volcano Type Last Known Eruption



Methana volcano

  • Greece
  • Mediterranean and Western Asia
  • Lava dome(s)
  • 258 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.615°N
  • 23.336°E
  • 760 m
    2493 ft
  • 212020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude
  • Summit
    Elevation
  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Methana.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Methana.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Methana.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude Choni Dome 675 m Kameno Vouno
Kameni
Kaimeni Dome 425 m 37° 36′ 54″ N 23° 20′ 10″ E Malja Glat Dome 675 m Malja Khoriou Dome Malja Skurti Dome 590 m Maljsa Dome 625 m Pikesa Dome 725 m Sterna Gambru Dome 625 m Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude Agios Nikolaos Thermal Loutra Methana Thermal Thiafi Bay Thermal
Basic Data
Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude 212020

37.615°N
23.336°E

Volcano Types
Lava dome(s)
Rock Types
Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite
Tectonic Setting
Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)
Population
Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km 152
1,683
48,917
4,220,783
Geological Summary

Methana volcano consists of a basaltic-andesite to rhyodacitic lava dome complex forming the Methana Peninsula in the Sarronian Gulf on the NE side of Peloponnesus. Potassium-Argon ages for the older part of the complex range from 900,000 to 550,000 years, although activity may have begun during the late Pliocene. A younger phase of activity took place from about 380,000-290,000 years ago, forming a series of lava domes and flows. The youngest dome, Kameno Vouno, on the NW side of the peninsula, was formed in the 3rd century BCE and produced a lava flow that traveled 500 m beyond the coastline. Hot springs are found at several locations along the coast of the peninsula.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

D’Alessandro W, Brusca L, Kyriakopoulos K, Michas G, Papadakis G, 2008. Methana, the westernmost active volcanic system of the south Aegean arc (Greece): insight from fluids geochemistry. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 178: 818-828.

Georgalas G C, 1962. Greece. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 12: 1-40.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth’s Interior.

Keller J, 1982. Mediterranean Island Arcs. In: Thorpe R S (ed) Andesites, New York: John Wiley Sons, p 307-326.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 2 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1922 Aug ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain
0258 BCE ± 18 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Kameno Vouno

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Methana.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Methana.

Photo Gallery

Malja Khoriou lava dome, seen here from the SE, lies on the eastern side of the Methana Peninsula and is one of several basaltic-andesite to rhyodacitic lava domes forming the Methana volcanic complex. The peninsula extends into the Sarronian Gulf on the NE side of the Peloponnesus Peninsula. The youngest dome, Kameno Vouno, on the NW side of Methana Peninsula, was formed in the 3rd century BCE and produced a lava flow that traveled 500 m beyond the coastline.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).

GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Libya, Turkey
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Greece, Turkey
Year: 1989
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Title: Sofikon Sheet
Publisher: Institute of Geology & Mineral Exploration
Country: Greece
Year: 1985
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:50,000
Title: Greece, Geol Map of, N
Publisher: Institute of Geology & Mineral Exploration
Country: Greece
Year: 1983
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Title: Corinthias
Country: Greece
Year: 1972
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Title: The Aegean
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Greece, Turkey
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 23 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian’s NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

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Methana volcano

SOURCE: http://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=212020


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